In this age of human rights, it is a universal truth that education is a fundamental right of all children. There have been attempts to universalize education even before Indian Independence. Jyothiba Phule in 1882, appearing before the Hunter Commission, stressed on the need for free and compulsory education. The architects of our Constitution, who were clearly aware of the importance of the universalization of education, set education as a time-bound directive principle. As per this directive, all children should have received education by 1960. It is a matter of soul-searching that we still have not been able to achieve the goal of free and compulsory education even after 69 years of independence.